In 550 BC, Cyrus the Great, the son of Mandane and Cambyses I, took over the Median Empire, and founded the Achaemenid Empire by unifying other city states.The conquest of Media was a result of what is called the Persian Revolt.Namazi Iran Oil Mafia Family Namazi Family = Iran Lobby Sahar Nowrouzzadeh IRI Spy Trita Parsi & NIAC Activities IRI Centers Network in USA Iran Lobby Groups Thread Hassan Daioleslam News IRI Strategical Dead End Updates Thread Index Iranian American Forum IRI Hezbollah Agents in USA Women’s Hejab = Slavery Iranian Anti Hejab Women Regime Change Soon or Late Bita Qabus Official Statement Iran Protests Photo Gallery Trump Stands by Iranians Ahreeman X to Protestors Iran Protests Now Nationwide IRI Got to Go Thread FBI Memo = Gov Corruption Clinton, FBI, DOJ Collusion Hannity: Real vs. Clinton - Russia Cover Up Clinton - Russia Collusion Rush Limbaugh Interview Candace Owens Red Pill Judge Jeanine to Hillary Diamond & Silk Sisters Ahreeman X to Maz Jobrani Trump Propaganda Works!and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan; to the north by the Caspian Sea; to the northeast by Turkmenistan; to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan; to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman; and to the west by Turkey and Iraq.Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science.After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols.The advent of writing in Elam was paralleled to Sumer, and the Elamite cuneiform was developed since the third millennium BC.From the 34th to the 20th century BC, northwestern Iran was part of the Kura-Araxes culture, which stretched into the neighboring Caucasus and Anatolia.
According to this study, the pronunciations "ih-RAHN" and "ih-RANN" were almost equally acceptable, while "ih-RAHN" was preferred by most panelists participating in the ballot.
During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and financial loss for both sides.
According to international observers, Iran's human rights record has rapidly deteriorated, with severe human rights violations being committed by the government against Iranian dissidents; in several cases, several opponents of the current Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei have been tortured, imprisoned, sentenced to death or executed for insulting him.
The term Iran derives directly from Middle Persian Ērān, first attested in a third-century inscription at Rustam Relief, with the accompanying Parthian inscription using the term Template: Xpr, in reference to the Iranians.
The Middle Iranian ērān and aryān are oblique plural forms of gentilic nouns ēr- (Middle Persian) and ary- (Parthian), both deriving from Proto-Iranian *arya- (meaning "Aryan", i.e.